Formal-Operational Stage Essay - 615 Words.

Abstract The period of Adolescence is most clearly defined by Jean Piaget and his definition, the formal-Operations stage. One of Piaget's four stages of Cognitive Development, it involves characteristics of advanced reasoning, creativity, grasping of external concepts and thinking more extensively.

The author also claimed about the other stages, that are the third stage, concrete operational stage which lasts from 7 until 11 or 12 years old and lastly moving to the fourth stage is formal operations stage.

Formal Operational Stage Research Papers on Piaget's.

In the formal operational stage, the individual learns to develop assumptions that often are not grounded in reality, such as hypothetical deductive reasoning. Such “what-if” scenarios are often necessary, however, in higher levels of science and mathematics.The final stage of cognitive development, called Formal Operations, occurs from eleven years through adulthood. In this final stage, the adolescent becomes extremely focused on analyzing their own attitudes and beliefs while not denying that others may have different perceptions.The last stage is operational stage, the operational stage lasts from about age 12 and lasts into adulthood. During this period people learn the ability to think about abstract concepts. Logical thought, deductive reasoning, and systematic planning are all developed during the operational stage.


Although Piaget believed in lifelong intellectual development, he insisted that the formal operational stage is the final stage of cognitive development, and that continued intellectual development in adults depends on the accumulation of knowledge (ICELS).The thinking becomes more formal and systematic. Children of this stage can easily reason out and explain how a simple machine works. Belief in animism and ego centric thought tends to decline during the Formal Operational stage, although, remnants of this way of thinking are often found in adults.

Describe major characteristics of the formal operational stage and typical consequences of adolescent’s cognition. Hypothetico-Deductive Reasoning is when children are faced with a problem they start with a general theory of all possible factors that might affect an outcome and deduce from it specific hypotheses about what might happen.

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The sensorimotor period occupies age range between 0-2 years, the preoperational period 2 and 6 or 7, the concrete operational period between 6 or 7 and 11 or 12, and the formal operational period from early adolescence to the end of life Each period includes large changes in understanding of such concepts as conservation, classification, and relations (Sugarman 1987).

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The formal operational stage: age 11 and beyond In the last of the Piagetian stages, the child becomes able to reason not only about tangible objects and events, but also about hypothetical or abstract ones. Hence it has the name formal operational stage —the period when the individual can “operate” on “forms” or representations.

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The final stage of cognitive development identified by Piaget, is the Formal operational stage. This lasts from twelve years of age onwards. People in this stage are capable of more complex thought processes. During the Concrete operational stage (7 to 12 years), children should develop an understanding of the principle of conservation.

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The final step in Piaget’s theory is called the formal operational stage and can occur at ages eleven through adulthood. This stage of development is marked by the ability to think abstractly, that is, using symbols and relations in order to solve complex, intricate problems.

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During the formal operational stage, adolescents are able to understand abstract principles which have no physical reference. They can now contemplate such abstract constructs as beauty, love, freedom, and morality. The adolescent is no longer limited by what can be directly seen or heard.

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List of best Formal operational essays, topics - argumentative, MLA, APA format. Read our writing help and prompts with samples on Formal operational for more insights Studybay uses cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website.

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Piaget's concrete operational stage spans from the ages of 7 to 11 and during this period thought is more logical, flexible and organized. The concrete operational stage can be broken down into many different sublevels. Conservation, Hierarchical classification, seriation, and spatial reasoning.

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Jean Piaget, Swiss psychologist who was the first to make a systematic study of the acquisition of understanding in children. He is thought by many to have been the major figure in 20th-century developmental psychology. Learn more about his career and his theory concerning child development.

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Formal Operational Stage Piaget’s fourth and last stage of cognitive development begins at age 11 and continues into adulthood. This is when children entering puberty begin to think abstractly.

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